Publications

2021 American College Student Freedom, Progress and Flourishing Survey
Challey Institue Survey | By John Bitzan and Clay Routledge (June 2021)

The American College Student Freedom, Progress and Flourishing Survey is an annual survey conducted by the Sheila and Robert Challey Institute for Global Innovation and Growth. The survey assesses student perceptions about viewpoint diversity and campus freedom; human progress and beliefs about the future; and student attitudes toward entrepreneurship, capitalism and socialism, and how college is influencing their views. Read more.

 

An Analysis of a New American Entrepreneur Accelerator Program: Lessons for Fargo-Moorhead and Other Communities
Challey Institue Research Brief | By Joshua E. Marineau (April 2021)

The New American Entrepreneur Program was conducted by the Challey Institute for Global Innovation and Growth at North Dakota State University in partnership with Fargo’s Emerging Prairie. Ten entrepreneurs were invited to participate in the program. The program was described as a “six-month program aimed to accelerate their growth in the Fargo-Moorhead area by connecting them to capital, community and technology resources." The participants’ companies included retail grocery, cutting edge software, catering services, and mental health services for mothers, among others. Goals of the program were to enhance success of new entrepreneurs, accelerate their growth rate, and highlight the contributions they make to the Fargo-Moorhead community. Read more.

 

A Look at Railroad Costs, Scale Economies, and Differential Pricing
USDA Report | By John Bitzan and Fecri Karanki (February 2021)

This study estimates returns to scale in the U.S. Railroad Industry and explores implications for differential pricing. We find that large scale (density) economies persist in the U.S. railroad industry, suggesting that marginal cost pricing would not come close to recovering railroad costs. Increased pricing freedom from deregulation has enabled railroads to retain relatively competitive shippers and has fostered substantial cost reductions and innovation. Policies that make broad changes limiting the extent of differential pricing allowed by railroads have the potential to reduce the ability of the industry to respond to market forces, limiting investment and innovation and harming railroads and shippers. Read more.

 

Who Is Proud To Be An American?
Archbridge Institute Policy + Insights | By Clay Routledge (December 2020)

It is easy to tell a story of The United States as a deeply divided nation. Americans are a diverse group with major policy preference differences that can make it difficult to unite under a common vision of our country. Not to mention, we live in era in which outrage-driven cable news and clickbait social media provoke distrust and hostility towards those who have different social and political beliefs. But there is another story that deserves more attention. Despite the real differences that exist and the media outlets and platforms that often amplify and exaggerate them, most Americans are unified in their love of country. Read more.

 

How are attitudes toward entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial motivation affected by meaning?
Challey Institue Research Brief | By Clay Routledge and John Bitzan (June 2020)

The Sheila and Robert Challey Institute for Global Innovation and Growth conducted a survey to explore American beliefs on capitalism, entrepreneurship, and the ability of these economic systems to solve important problems. A previous research brief highlighted our findings related to capitalism and capitalist solutions. This research brief describes our findings related to entrepreneurship’s role in solving important societal problems and people’s motivation to be entrepreneurs. Read more.

 

Globalization, Global Supply Chain Disruptions, and COVID-19
Challey Institue Research Brief | By Anupa Sharma (June 2020)

The COVID-19 pandemic has brought unprecedented disruption to the global economy and world trade. A new research brief by the Sheila and Robert Challey Institute for Global Innovation and Growth  shows that regardless of where shutdowns have occurred, the economic disruptions wrought by the pandemic will impact everyone. Tight linkages in global supply chains mean that circumstances in one country can cause economic harm in other countries. Moreover, the tight linkages in global supply chains magnify the negative consequences of trade barriers. This research brief shows the important mutual dependencies that exist as a result of tightly connected supply chains and the damage that can be created through trade barriers. Read more.

 

Does a feeling of meaning and purpose in life affect views toward capitalism?
Challey Institue Research Brief | By Clay Routledge and John Bitzan (April 2020)

The Sheila and Robert Challey Institute for Global Innovation and Growth conducted a survey to explore American beliefs on capitalism, socialism, and entrepreneurship. The survey of more than 1,200 Americans reveals that existential health has a strong association with people’s views on capitalism, socialism, entrepreneurship, and their abilities to solve important problems. This research brief focuses on our findings related to capitalism and capitalist solutions. Read more.

 

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