Health, well-being, wellness, and health promotion are inter-related concepts. “Well-being” is the most comprehensive and was chosen deliberately to express the broad nature of the President’s Council work. Definitions that have been adopted for consistent use by PCCW:
Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.
Well-being is an optimal and dynamic state that allows people to achieve their full potential.
- Our focus is on two interdependent types of well-being: 1) Individual and 2) Community.
- Individual well-being is defined within three broad and interrelated categories: (a) the perceived assessment of one’s own life as being generally happy and satisfying, (b) having one’s human rights and needs met, and (c) one’s contribution to the community.
- Community well-being is defined by relationships and connectedness, perceived quality of life for all people in the community, and how well the community meets the needs of all members.
- By focusing on the whole — the whole person, the whole educational experience, the whole institution, the whole community — well-being becomes a multifaceted goal and a shared responsibility for the entire institution.
Wellness is an active process of becoming aware of and making choices toward a more successful existence.
Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. It moves beyond a focus on individual behavior towards a wide range of social and environmental interventions.
Health : World Health Organization, http://www.who.int/about/mission/en/
Well-being : NIRSA: Leaders in Collegiate Recreation, NASPA - Student Affairs Administrators in Higher Education & ACHA - American College Health
Association (November 2020). Inter-association definition of well-being. Retrieved from www.nirsa.org/hands-in
Wellness : National Wellness Institute, http://www.nationalwellness.org/?page=six_dimensions
Health Promotion : Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion. WHO, Geneva, 1986; Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a Globalized World. WHO, Bangkok, 2005